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Crossing the Brooklyn Bridge: Weill Cornell Medical Librarians Partner with the Brooklyn Public Library: Consumer Health Resources

Health Literacy, Consumer Health, and Implicit Bias Resources

Recognizing Issues of Health Literacy

 

What is Health Literacy?

It is an individual's ability to understand and act on health information.

 

Over 80 million adults in the united States have basic or below literacy skills.

9 out of 10 adults in the United States may lack skills to manage health and prevent disease.

 

Low Health Literacy Can Lead To:

  • More hospital visits
  • Fewer preventive services
  • Medication errors
  • Increased costs
  • Decreased costs

 

Consumer Resources

 

Below is a curated list of reputable consumer health resources that can be shared with patrons. At the bottom of the page is a list of questions that patrons should consider when determining if a website is a reliable source of information.  All of the information on this page is also available in a brochure which you can download. Please see the link below.

 

Resources for Librarians - Implicit Bias

 

Below are several resources on understanding and addressing implicit bias. Librarians can benefit from gaining awareness of and confronting their own implicit biases as they can negatively impact interactions with patrons.

Vetting Websites for Appropriate Health Information

Here are some important questions to ask when determining if a web-site is a trustworthy source of information:

 

1. Who runs the website?

 

2. What is the mission of the website?

 

3. For whom is the site written?

 

4. Where does the content originate?

 

5. How (and how frequently) is the information reviewed?

 

6. Is the material up to date?

 

7. Remember: good websites should never ask you for money, social security number, or address.

Medical Resources in a Variety of Languages

EthnoMedhttps://ethnomed.org/

Amharic, Cambodian, Chinese, Eritrean, Ethiopian, Oromo, Somali, Spanish, Tigrean, Vietnamese, and others.

 

Health Researchhttps://healthreach.nlm.nih.gov/

Multilingual information for health professionals, refugees, and asylees (in print, audio, and video format).

 

Health Info Translationshttps://www.healthinfotranslations.org/

Chinese (Simplified and Traditional), French, Japanese, Korean, Russian, Somali, Spanish, Ukranian, Hindi, Vietnamese, Arabic.

 

Healthy Roads Mediahttp://www.healthyroadsmedia.org/

Provides audio, written, and multimedia versions of resources in English, Spanish, Vietnamese, Arabic, Somali, Bosnian, Russian, Hmong, and Khmer.

 

Immunization Actions Coalitionhttps://www.immunize.org/

Vaccine information sheets, produced by the CDC and available in over 30 languages.

 

La Leche Leaguehttps://www.llli.org/

Breastfeeding information in 12 languages.

 

New South Wales Multicultural Health Communication Service

https://www.mhcs.health.nsw.gov.au/

A rich resource with numerous health topics in 50 languages.

 

U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants

https://refugees.org/research-reports/

Culturally appropriate materials for consumers and healthcare-related professionals in 19 languages.

 

Shared Decision Making Resources

Government Agencies

Agency for Healthcare Research and Qualityhttps://www.ahrq.gov/

 

Centers for Disease Control and Preventionhttps://www.cdc.gov/

 

Clinical Trialshttps://clinicaltrials.gov/

 

Genetics Home Referencehttps://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/

 

Health Resources and Services Administrationhttps://www.hrsa.gov/

 

Indian Health Serviceshttps://www.ihs.gov/

 

Medicarehttps://www.medicare.gov/

 

MedlinePlushttps://www.medlineplus.gov/

 

National Library of Medicinehttps://www.nlm.nih.gov/

 

National Institutes of Healthhttps://www.nih.gov/health-information 

 

PubMedhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/

 

World Health Organizationhttps://www.who.int/

Resources on Addressing Implicit Bias

"Understanding Unconscious Bias" video by The Royal Society  https://royalsociety.org/topics-policy/publications/2015/unconscious-bias/

 

"Introduction to Implicit Bias" by National Implicit Bias Network  https://implicitbias.net/implicitbias

 

List of various articles and resources on bias shared by National Implicit Bias Network - https://implicitbias.net/resources/resources-by-category

 

Implicit Bias overview and Key Sites by Racial Equity Tools https://www.racialequitytools.org/act/communicating/implicit-bias

 

Implicit Association tests by Project Implicit https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/

Health Associations and Organizations

Alzheimer's Associationhttps://www.alz.org/

 

American Cancer Associationhttps://www.cancer.org/

 

American Diabetes Associationhttps://www.diabetes.org/

 

American Lung Associationhttps://www.lung.org/

 

Family Doctorhttps://familydoctor.org/

 

Healthy Children    

https://www.healthychildren.org/English/Pages/default.aspx

 

March of Dimes https://www.marchofdimes.org/

 

National Kidney Foundationhttps://www.kidney.org/

 

 

Help for Caregivers

Administration for Community Livinghttps://acl.gov/

Eldercare Locator - https://eldercare.acl.gov/Public/About/Index.aspx

 

Alzheimer's Association https://www.alz.org/help-support/caregiving

 

Parkinson's Disease Caregiver Information

https://www.parkinson.org/Living-with-Parkinsons/For-Caregivers

Drug and Lab Tests

Daily Medhttps://www.dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/

 

Drugs.com. Know More, Be Sure -  https://www.drugs.com/

 

Lab Tests Onlinehttps://labtestsonline.org/

Medicare and Medicaid Resources

Medicare Resources

 

Official U.S. Government Medicare Web-site: https://www.medicare.gov

 

Official U.S. Government Medicare Handbook "Medicare and You": https://www.medicare.gov/forms-help-resources/medicare-you-handbook/download-medicare-you-in-different-formats

This handbook is an excellent, easy to understand guide to Medicare. Available in formats including English, Spanish, Braille, Audio, large print, and e-Book.

 

Apply for Medicare online: https://www.ssa.gov/benefits/medicare/

To apply online, you must:

  • be at least 64 years and 9 months of age
  • want to sign up for Medicare and currently have no Medicare coverage
  • not want to apply for Social Security benefits at this time
  • not currently be receiving Social Security, disability, or survivors benefits

 

Medicaid Resources

 

Official Medicaid web-site: https://www.medicaid.gov/

 

Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services (program that administers Medicaid): https://www.cms.gov/

 

Resources for New York

Apply for New York State Medicaid, Children's Medicaid, or Child Health Plus:

 

Information on New York State Medicaid: https://www.health.ny.gov/health_care/medicaid/

 

Further resources on New York State Medicaid: https://www.health.ny.gov/health_care/medicaid/reference/