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Systematic Reviews: Guides and Standards

Collaborative support for researchers undertaking systematic reviews

Guides and Standards for Conducting Systematic Reviews


Reporting Standards and Checklists

  • CONSORT - An evidence-based, minimum set of recommendations for reporting RCTs. It offers a standard way for authors to prepare reports of trial findings, facilitating their complete and transparent reporting, and aiding their critical appraisal and interpretation.
  • EQUATOR - Links to a number of reporting standards. Is an international initiative that seeks to enhance reliability and value of medical research literature by promoting transparent and accurate reporting of research studies.
  • MOOSE - A checklist summarizing recommendations for reporting meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology.
  • PRISMA - (Formerly QUOROM) Provides an evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses. It includes a 27-item checklist and a four-phase flow diagram.
  • PRISMA-P - The minimum set of items for reporting in published systematic review and meta-analysis protocols.
  • PROSPERO - An international prospective register of systematic review protocols.
  • STARD - A checklist and a generic flow diagram for studies of diagnostic accuracy.
  • STARLITE - Standards for reporting literature searches.
  • STROBE - An international collaborative initiative that aims to strengthen the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology.
  • TREND- Specifically developed to guide standardized reporting of nonrandomized controlled trials.


Relevant Guides